Rome was a significant empire in the history of western civilization, not only for its military power and the fact that it controlled unbelievably extensive borders, but also for its culture and government, much of which we see in the modern west today.
The language is our key inheritance from the Romans. The Latin languages gave birth to the romance languages, which include oft-spoken languages like French, Italian, and Spanish. Even English has a great percentage of its roots in Latin.
The architecture was largely copied off the Greeks, yet with a singular twist. We see examples of their Gothic architectural style in many American state buildings like the White House and the Senate. Their true achievements in architecture were their amazing roads, bridges, aqueducts, and dams.
The fame of ancient literature undoubtedly belongs to the Greeks, but the writers of ancient Rome, including Ovid, Horus, and Seneca, are still remembered and honored for their writings. Cicero was a brilliant Roman rhetorician and philosopher who shone like a star among the mostly military-minded Romans.
The greatest contributions the Romans gave us was their government system and the concept they had of natural law – an absolute standard of justice that is true forever. I believe, however, that the Romans missed something – the only absolute standard of everlastingly true law, is the law of God.
Augustine of Hippo began his youth in rash decisions with the wrong crowd, although his mother did not approve. He later turned eagerly to the religion of Manicheanism, but abandoned it when even the experts could not answer his questions. Dissatisfied, he eventually became a Christian. I believe this is because Augustine realized that truth and coherent answers are only to be found in the Word of the One True God.
After his conversion, he went on to become one of the most prolific writers in the history of apologetics. His most well-known work is “The Confessions”, a book proclaiming the glory of God and his goodness to sinners.) He wrestled with the deep questions of life and came up with Christian answers to counteract the conclusions of other religious groups. He is famously quoted for disproving Skepticism with the simple statement, “I doubt, therefore I am.”
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